Yellow Bourbon grows best in heights between 1,100 and 2,000 meters. It originated from the island of Reunion, which was called Île Bourbon before 1789. French missionaries introduced the origins of this type of coffee from Yemen, in the early 1700s. In 1859, this type of coffee was introduced to Brazil.
In 1932, research on this type of coffee was initiated at test stations at the "Campinas Agronomic Institute", in Ribeirão Preto and Pindorama (in the state of São Paulo).
Variants of Bourbon xanthocarpa (yellow fruits) were first examined in 1930, but the origin is little known. It may have come from a mutation of Red Bourbon, or it may have emerged as a product of the recombination of the natural cross of Red Bourbon and Yellow Botucatu
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